Senators Crapo, Flake, and Vitter Introduce Phantom Fuel Reform Act

Washington, D.C. – Idaho Senator Mike Crapo, along with Senators Jeff Flake (R-AZ) and David Vitter (R-LA), introduced the Phantom Fuel Reform Act (S. 251) to reform an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulation that adds millions of dollars each year to the cost of energy production. This mandate is part of the Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS).

Under current law and based on annual EPA estimates, United States refiners are required to blend millions of gallons of cellulosic biofuel into the U.S. fuel supply, even if no cellulosic biofuel is produced. Only 1,024 gallons of product that could have been used to meet the cellulosic biofuel mandate were produced in 2012. Yet in 2013, EPA is requiring 14 million gallons of cellulosic biofuel to be blended, which is almost double the 8.65 million gallons initially required in 2012. The EPA’s solution to this problem of a lack of product is to force U.S. energy producers to buy paper credits for this “phantom fuel” directly from EPA at a cost of millions. If U.S. energy producers do not buy these credits, they risk large fines from EPA.

In January, the D.C. Circuit Court recognized the absurdity of the EPA cellulosic biofuel mandate as part of the RFS by vacating it, explaining that the cellulosic production estimate was not based in reality and was therefore at odds with congressional intent.

Building on what the D.C. Circuit Court has already acknowledged, the Phantom Fuel Reform Act would simply require EPA to rely on actual industry production rather than bureaucratic prediction when setting the annual cellulosic biofuel mandate.

“This is yet another example of excessive federal regulations stemming from the EPA,” Crapo said. “Requiring industry to use millions of gallons of a substance that does not exist and in turn fining them for noncompliance is irrational and unfair. The tax penalties associated with these regulations will ultimately be passed down the chain and negatively impact the consumer. The EPA should use requirements based on facts and actual productivity, rather than predictions.”



  1. And that is one reason why gasoline is so expensive. Our government is over taxing the oil refiners that in turn have to make up the difference by charging the consumer more money for the product. Isn't bloated government grand?

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